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Optimizing polycarboxylate based superplasticizer dosage with different cement type

The use of polycarboxylate ether (PCE) as superplasticizer (SP) in the manufacture of high strength concrete is increasingly common. Each brand of SP available on the market has different compositions, causing differences in dosage requirement and the resulting characteristics. Beside SP type, cement type and composition also affect the fresh and hardened concrete properties. In this study, the optimum dosages of several brands of PCE superplasticizer in making mortar were investigated. Two different cement types were used. The effect of SP on flowability, setting time, and resulting compressive strength were evaluated. The results show that with the increase of SP dosage in mortar mixture, the flowability increased. However, there is an optimum value for each brand and for each water cement ratio. The increase of flowability is accompanied by an increase in compressive strength until it reaches the optimum level. Nevertheless, excessive use of SP could lead to bleeding and segregation, and reduce the compressive strength. It was found that ordinary Portland cement (OPC) requires higher SP dosage than Portland Pozzolan cement (PPC) for the same flowability. Longer setting time was observed for all mixtures employing SP, at different degrees of extension. It correlates with the slump retention time. Simple method to determine the optimum dosage is suggested in this paper.
Quoted from Procedia Engineering 171 ( 2017 ) 752 – 759




























































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